Feedback Analysis

Feedback Analysis Report Of Training Workshop On Competition Enforcement For Ethiopia (CPS.06)
May 12-16, 2008, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

1. Executive Summary
CUTS Centre for Competition, Investment and Economic Regulation (CUTS CCIER)1 and Ministry of Trade and Industry, Ethiopia co-organised a training workshop on ‘Competition Law Enforcement for Ethiopia’ (CPS.06). The training workshop was conducted by CUTS Institute for Regulation & Competition (CIRC)2. This workshop was meant mostly for members and staff of the Trade Practice Investigative Commission (TPIC), Ethiopia, though the ministry also invited other government departments, select academics, consumer organisation and media to the event. The workshop was held at the Ghion Hotel, Addis Ababa (Ethiopia) from May 12-16, 2008. It was a demand-based training workshop, and follow-up to an earlier training workshop ‘Competition Policy and Law’ (CPS.02), organised at the request of the Ethiopian government on March 29-30, 2006 in Addis Ababa. The training workshop had 24 participants, and was conducted by experts/resource persons delivering on – (a) basic elements of competition; and (b) various practical aspects of competition enforcement. Over the period of the five days, the participants sharpened their skills on various aspects of competition policy and law through lectures, practical examples provided by resource persons, case studies and focussed group discussions.

Based on the feedback received from the participants and resource persons, the workshop was successful in terms of

– choice of topics;
– quality of participation;
– resource persons;
– resource materials; and
– administrative and logistical arrangements.

Participants acknowledged that learnings they derived from the training workshop proved to be extremely valuable and would enhance their practical skills of dealing with the complex subject of competition policy and law. All the participants expressed their desire to attend similar trainings in future, and thanked CUTS for taking the initiative.

2. Objective
The objectives of the five-day workshop were:

– Develop analytical, investigative and administrative capacities of the participants (officials of the TPIC, Ethiopia) to effectively implement the Ethiopian Competition legislation.

– Understand the expected role of different agencies and groups in order to ensure fair trading, competitiveness of the markets and accelerate economic growth.

– For details please visit

– For details please visit

– Gain from the experience of specialists and take note of the process in which competition administration has progressed in select jurisdictions. • Undertake first-hand exercises in order to be better to enforce the country’s competition law

3. Scope
3.1 The workshop covered the following areas related to competition policy and law:

– Introduction to Competition Policy and Law • Introduction to Competition Analysis
– Dealing with Unfair Trade Practices (UTPS) • Unfair Trade Practices: Case Analysis, Group work & Presentation
– Dealing with Abuse of Dominance
– Vertical Restraints/Agreements
– Horizontal Restraints/Agreements
– Cartels and competition law
– Understanding Competition Laws of Select Countries Structural and Functional Elements of Competition Agencies

4. Participants
4.1 The event was attended by 24 participants representing the Trade Practices Investigation Commission (TPIC), Ministry of Trade and Industry, Ethiopian National Parliament, Addis Ababa University, Consumer Association and the Media. The list of participants is attached as Annexure 1.

5. Resource Persons and Facilitator
5.1 Resource persons comprised of eminent experts, practitioners and academicians in the field of competition policy and law and related matters. A practitioner from CUTS facilitated the workshop. A brief profile of resource persons and the facilitator is attached as Annexure 2.

6. Format of Training Workshop
6.1 Sessions were conducted on various aspects of competition policy and law issues, in order to educate the participants on specific aspects of competition enforcement through a blend of theoretical lectures and hands-on casework. There was ample time for interactions and group discussions. (Refer Agenda enclosed as Annexure III).

Summary of Participants’ Feedback
The feedback form was designed with two types of questions: open-ended and close-ended. The open-ended questions have been analysed as per the descriptive responses received from the participants. These responses can be categorised as recommendations, highlights and suggestions.

– The training workshop was successful in combining the knowledge and understanding of competition policy and law issues.

– Participants opined unanimously that all the sessions were of relevance to them and acknowledged that the agenda had been very well drafted to cover all the important issues related to competition policy & law. Moreover, a case-study approach to problem-solving (of competition cases) proved to be an added advantage as the modality of the workshop. This was in addition to the excellent choice of resource persons and resource materials.

– Participants were of the view that the organisers managed the training workshop efficiently (subject and time-wise).

– They hoped that the feedback provided by them would help organisers in customising the course module and methodology for conducting follow-up training workshops in future.

– All the participants wanted to attend similar training workshops in future. Most of them stated that they would recommend it to others, as it met their expectations and needs.

– Participants acknowledged that the sessions were structured in a manner that had provided enough time for discussion and interaction.

– Participants recommended having similar workshops on a periodic basis.

– Training of how Competition Commission of a country should introduce commercial diplomacy

– There is a need to carry out research and investigation to identify prevailing Unfair Trade Practices (UTPs) in Ethiopia, as there was hardly any evidence available on record.

– Resource materials should be distributed beforehand to participants, in order for them to go through the materials before the workshop.

– Resource persons could be a mix from other disciplines too, to offer better and wide variety of experience.

– The technical language barrier should be overcome as it impedes understanding.

The other part of the feedback form contains close-ended questions, which have been statistically analysed. Responses on specific aspects of this training workshop are analysed by deriving an average mean. The model is described below by taking the example of responses received on ‘quality of presentation’. In the feedback participants were asked to rate each of the sessions on a scale of 1 (poor) to 10 (excellent).

Data Value Frequency
(Responses received
from participants
on the scale of 1-10)
Frequency X Data
1 (Bad) None 0
2 (Poor) None 0
3 (Poor) None 0
4 (All right) None 0
5 (Good) 2 10
6 (Good) 13 78
7 (V Good) 32 224
8 (V Good) 46 368
9 (Excellent) 117
10 (Excellent) 2 20
Sum 12 92
Mean 92/12 = 7.6
S. No Name Coordinates
1. Harka Haroye Oda Chairperson
Ethiopion Trade Practice Investigation
Member of the Board of the Comesa Competition
P.O.Box 1309, Code 1110
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Tel: 0911-897191
2. Kidist Zewdie Mengiste Trad Expert
Trade & Industry dev’t
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Tel: 0912010238/011-1117790
3. Netsanet Mekuria Mamo Trade Practice Expert
Trade Practice Investigation Commission
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia P.O.Box.23985
Tel: 251-911-370593
4. Getnet Damte Meshesha Investigation Commission Legal Expert
Investigation Commission
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Tel: 0911-474464
5. Birru Olbamo Madebo Chief
Trade Practice
Trade Practice Commission
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Tel: 251-11-504153
6. Teshome Abera Tessema Head of Purchasing and Procurment
Ethiopian Radio and Telivision Agency
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia P. O. Box 170287
Tel: 251-911-698564/677959/5157853
7. Atlaw Alemu Tarekegn Lecturer
AAU (Addis Ababa University)
Department of Economics
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Tel: 0911 144974
8. Beyene Moges Woldegiorgis Reporter
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Tel: 011-4565281
9. Girma Bejiga Senbeta Trademark Examiner
Ethiopion Intellectule Property Office
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia P.O.Box 25322/1000
Tel: 011-5526659
10. Asfaw Yeshidagna Banjaw Investigation Beureu
A.A Police
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
P.O.Box 5647/1000
Tel: 251-0911-608399
11. Alemu Yimer Getahun Member
Trade & Industry Affairs Standing Committee
Federal Paritama
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Tel: 251-911897157
12. Kebede Abera Ido MP (Chairperson of Trade and Industry Standing
House of Peoples Representative
Tel: 251-11-1241071
13. Ayele Seyoum Anore Ethiopian Member of Parliament (Trade &
Industry Committee deputy chairman)
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
P.O.Box 14333
Tel: 251-091 2056102
14. Etabezahu Taye Abera Team Leader
A.A. Trade & Industry dev’t buereau
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Tel: 011-4390212
15. Yeshitila Moges Shawel Team Leader
Pricing & Distribution of Fuel
Ministry of Trade & Industry
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Tel: 251-011-5504144
16. Yonas Kebede Tache Advocate III
Ministry of Trade & Industry, Ethiopia
Addis Ababa
P.O. Box 704 Ethopia
Tel: 251-11-5515 411, 5514288
17. Seifu Ali Gebeyahu Government organization (civil servant) fully time
Ethiopion Consumer Protection Association
Board Member
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Tel: 251-1-0911-627376
18. Tesfaye Kebede Gebremariam Head
Trade Follow-up & Control section
Trade & Industry Dev’t Bureau
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Tel: 251-911-315801
19. Seyoum Teka Bairu Legal Advisor
Ethiopion Trade Practice & Investigation
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
20. Wogayehu Geber Hanna Member of ECOPA
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Tel: 0911-677983
21. Kidist Yebeka Abebe Advocate
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Tel: 0911-228903
22. Girma Tessema Wodjo Head of Investigation Department
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Tel: 011-5551922
Fax. 0911637772
23. Sitotaw Enyew Gesesse Ministry of Trade & Industry
24. Minale Arega Yimer Member,
Ethiopion Consumer Protection Association
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Brief Profile of Resource Persons and Facilitator

1. Carl Buik, Australian Competition and Consumer Commission (ACCC), Australia
Carl Buik has 26 years experience in competition law and policy. He currently holds the position of Director, Enforcement & Coordination at ACCC in Canberra, Australia. He is a graduate of the University of New England (Bachelor of Economics) and the Australian National University (Bachelor of Laws). He has held senior positions in diverse areas of the ACCC including competition and consumer protection enforcement (investigations and litigation), compliance strategies (industry codes of conduct, business compliance programs, business and consumer education), legal (internal advising and proposals for legislative amendment), corporate (policy, planning, research and analysis) and e-commerce.

2. Peter Githaiga Kanyi, Monopolies and Prices Commission (MPC), Kenya
Peter Githaiga Kanyi has done Bachelor of Arts (Business Management) from Moi University, Kenya. He is working as Senior Monopolies & Prices Officer. He holds a certificate from UNCTAD on “Training Course on Investigation Tools for Case Handlers”. He analyses anti-competitive practices in the Kenyan market/economy, implementing competition policies, identifying and controlling unfair trade practices and structures like cartels, concentration of economic power, mergers likely to cause ‘monopolies’ and conducting market surveys, investigations, research and subsequent report writing.

3. S. Chakravarthy, Advisor /Consultant on Competition Policy and Law
He is a Civil Servant by profession, being a Member of the Indian Administrative Services. He is a masters degree holder in Mathematics and Statistics. After joining the Government, he got a Doctorate Degree in Management from the Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi. His experience as a Civil Servant in India over 4 decades (1961-2002) has been essentially in the areas of Industries, Commerce, Management of state owned Enterprises, Competition policy, Industrial Development and Export Promotion have been central to his specialisation. Among the top assignments he held were Special Chief Secretary to Government and Member, Monopolies and Restrictive Trade Practices Commission. As a member, Company Law Board and Member, Monopolies and Restrictive Trade Practices Commission, his experience as adjudicating Tribunal is around 10 years.

4. Kasturi Moodaliyar, University of Witswatersrand, South Africa
She is currently pursuing her PhD on “Anti-cartel Enforcement in Industries characterized by Coordinated Conduct”. She has done M.Phil in Crimininological Research from University of Cambridge. She is also the recipient of Nelson Mandela Magdalene Scholarship. Presently working with University of Witwaterstrand as Senior Lecturer in Competition Law and co-ordinates and lectures on Competition law to Practitioners. She has also worked with Competition Commission of South Africa as Merger Analyst, conducted investigation, relevant research and merger analysis under Chapter 3 of the Competition Act. Prior to this she was Junior Investigator, investigating anti-competitive practices in terms of Chapter 2 of the Competition Act.

5. Rijit Sengupta, CUTS, India
Rijit coordinates the activities of the Centre for Competition, Investment & Economic Regulation (CUTS CCIER). He is trained in social sciences and management, and has been working with CUTS for five years. He has over three years of experience of coordinating competition policy and law projects in sub-saharan Africa. He has represented CUTS at several national and international seminars, conferences on competition policy and investment, and has travelled on work assignments in over 20 countries.

Training Workshop on Competition Policy and Law Administration

12-16 May 2008
Ghion Hotel, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia